Descriptions and articles about the Chard, scientifically known as Beta vulgaris var. cicla in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Ecology; Associations; Wiki. Beta vulgaris var. cicla Linn. 厚įšŪ菜. Description from Flora of China. Root branched, not tuberlike. The leaves are used as a vegetable (spinach beet, Swiss . EPPO code: BEAVV; Preferred name: Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. cicla; Authority: (Linnaeus) Arcangeli. Notes. Beet cultivated as a.

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The World’s Greatest Cooking Encyclopedia. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Other pigments contained in beet are indicaxanthin and vulgaxanthins yellow to orange pigments known as betaxanthins. Chard, like other green leafy vegetables, has highly nutritious leaves, making it a popular component of healthy diets. It is the economically most important crop ebta the large order Caryophyllales.

beta vulgaris cicla extract,

Chard is a spring harvest plant. The roots of cultivated forms are dark red, white, or yellow and moderately to strongly swollen and fleshy subsp.

Chard is a biennial. The stems grow erect or, in the wild forms, often procumbent; they are simple or branched in the upper part, [3] and their surface is ribbed and striate. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. The composition of different betalain pigments can vary, resulting in strains of beetroot which are yellow or other colors in addition to the familiar deep red.

Cultivars with large, brightly coloured leaves are grown for decorative purposes. They grow best on pH-neutral to slightly alkaline soils containing plant nutrients and additionally Sodium and Boron. Chard belongs to the chenopodswhich are now mostly included in the family Amaranthaceae sensu lato. Beets are cultivated for fodder e.


Chard can be harvested while the leaves are young and tender, or after maturity when they are larger and have slightly tougher stems. Cornell Garden Based Learning. In fruit, the glomerules of flowers form connate hard clusters. All cultivars fall into the subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp. Beta vulgaris is classified into three subspecies: Clusters of chard seeds are usually sown, in the Northern Hemisphere, between June and October, depending on the desired harvesting period.

Chenopodiaceae pro parte majore. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The flowers are produced in dense spike-like, basally interrupted inflorescences. Fresh young chard can be used raw in salads. Retrieved 21 May The species description of Beta vulgaris was made in by Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarumat the same time creating the genus Beta. The taxonomy of the various cultivated races has a long and complicated history, they were treated at the rank of either subspeciesor convarieties or varieties.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chard. The word “chard” descends from the fourteenth-century French cardefrom Latin carduus meaning artichoke thistle or cardoonincluding the artichoke. Webarchive template webcite links Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Commons category link is on Wikidata.

This is why red beetroots leave a purple stain.

Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Pages using Tropicos template without author names Webarchive template webcite links Webarchive template wayback links Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February Articles with unsourced statements from November Taxonbars with 30—34 taxon IDs.


A large proportion of the commercial production is processed into boiled and sterilised beets or into pickles. There are two rankless cultivar groups for chard: Very small flowers sit in one- to three- rarely eight- flowered glomerules in the axils of short bracts or in the upper half of the inflorescence without bracts. Spinach beet leaves are eaten far a pot herb. The sea beetthe ancestor of modern cultivated beets, prospered along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea.

EPPO Global Database

The pigments are contained in cell vacuoles. Beets are one of the most boron -intensive of modern crops, a dependency possibly introduced as an evolutionary response its pre-industrial ancestor ‘s constant exposure to sea spray ; on commercial farms, a 60 tonne per hectare Modern sugar beets date back to midth century Silesia where the king of Prussia vuglaris experiments aimed at processes for sugar extraction.

Chard is used in traditional Swiss cifla, however, namely in a dish called Capuns from the Canton of Grisons. Beets are a food plant for the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species.

The upper leaves are smaller, their blades are rhombic to narrowly lanceolate.