Snake bites by the jararacucu (Bothrops jararacussu): Clinicopathological studies of 29 proven cases in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Article (PDF. Genus: Bothrops. Species: jararacussu. Common Names Jararacussu. Local Names Cabeca de Sapo, Jararacucu, Jararacucu Malha de Sapo, Jararacucu. COMUNICACIONES BREVES. Notes of cases of aggression and ophiophagy by Bothops jararacussu (Lacerda ) in captivity. Nota de casos de agresiĆ³n y.

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Wiping it once with a damp cloth to remove surface venom is unlikely to do much harm or good but the wound must not be massaged. Venom Anticoagulants Probably not present. Caudal luring in two neotropical pitvipersBothrops jararaca and B.


It should not be assumed that humankind currently knows all there is to know about any species, even for common species. We therefore do not accept legal responsibility for use of the information provided and we require mararacussu all users use information from this site at their own risk. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 3: Bites will vary from minor to life threatening.

The bitten limb should be immobilised as effectively as possible using an extemporised splint or sling; if available, crepe bandaging of the splinted limb is an effective jararacusau of immobilisation.

Find more photos by Google images search: Bothrops jararacussu Bothro;s Forest Jararacussu defensive behavior. Venom Cardiotoxins Probably not present. Province of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


Venom Procoagulants Fibrinogen clotting toxins. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith The Reptiles of Paraguay: Reptarium The Reptile Database. Cardiotoxicity Uncommon, secondary to myolysis-induced hyperkalaemia.

Many will be terrified, fearing sudden death and, in this mood, they may behave irrationally or even hysterically. Average Venom Qty to mg dry weightMinton Ref: Oliveira Lula Salles, R. Do not use Tourniquets, cut, suck or scarify the wound or apply chemicals or electric shock.

Calzada de Tlalpan No.

Bothrops jararacussu | The Reptile Database

Dorsal scales are strongly keeled. If there will be considerable delay before reaching medical aid, measured in several hours to days, then give clear fluids by mouth to prevent dehydration.

Snout is not elevated.

Severe signs of local and systemic envenoming, local necrosis, shock, spontaneous bothrps bleeding, renal failure were jararcussu only in patients bitten by snakes longer than 50 cm; bites by shorter specimens were more likely to cause incoagulable blood. Two became shocked and four developed renal failure. Venom Neurotoxins Probably not present. No attempt should be made to pursue the snake into the undergrowth as this will risk further bites.

It has bothrope for 0. In one survivor with chronic renal failure, renal biopsy showed bilateral cortical necrosis; the patient remains dependent on haemodialysis. Treatment Summary This treatment advice is general for most Bothrops species.

All rings or other jewellery on the bitten limb, especially on fingers, should be removed, as they may act as tourniquets if oedema develops.


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The principle aim of this site is to provide information useful to improving outcomes for humans suffering from envenoming or poisoning by animals, plants or mushrooms. Herpetological Review 47 3: Head is relatively large, broad, flattened, lance shaped when viewed from above and distinct from narrow neck. Venom Necrotoxins Present but not defined. Up to mg dry weight of highly-lethal venom may be milked from its venom glands on jararacussj single occasion.

Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. General Shape Large in length, heavy bodied pitviper. Furtado et al Ref: WilliamsJeff Boundy In particular, for bites causing flaccid paralysis, including respiratory paralysis, both airway and respiration may be impaired, requiring urgent and prolonged treatment, which may include the mouth to mask mouth to mouth technique of expired air transfer.

Neurotoxic Paralysis Does not ajraracussu, based on current clinical evidence. Other Shock secondary to fluid shifts due to local tissue injury is likely bothro;s severe cases.

In two patients, autopsies revealed acute renal tubular necrosis, cerebral oedema, haemorrhagic rhabdomyolysis at the site of the bite and disseminated intravascular coagulation.