Calopogonium is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. It belongs to the subfamily Faboideae. Calopogunium mucunoides is a vine that. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Calopogonium. Species: C. mucunoides. Status. Scientific Name. Calopogonium mucunoides Desv. Synonyms. Calopogonium brachycarpum (Benth.) Benth. ex Hemsl. Calopogonium orthocarpum Urb.

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Mucunoidea commercial line, derived from plantation agriculture, used in countries of tropical America. Generally regarded as being of low-moderate palatabilitybut considerably more palatable than C. You calopogojium unsubscribe at anytime. It can grow on a wide range of soils, but it does better on acidic clay soils pH 4. The major contribution of the Calopo was to increase the crude protein content of the animal diet and, consequently increasing animal production, both during the dry period and the wet period.

If inoculum is applied, then cowpea strains such as the Australian CB are used. Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value.

The Digital Nature Archive of Singapore is built up by the help of various people: Atoll Research Bulletin, However, its low palatability can lead to calopo dominance. As calopo nodulates promiscuously mmucunoides native rhizobia, seeds are usually not inoculated.

Calopo is a plant of the hot humid tropics, where it succeeds at elevations from sea level to 2, metres, though it is best adapted to elevations of – 1, metres[ ].

Calopogonium – Wikipedia

Read more about the Fabaceae family. It is also commonly planted as a pioneer species and as a nitrogen fixing species to reduce erosion and improve soil fertility Cook et al. Fundacion Instituto Botanico de Venezuela. Although not widely used, calopo is the most popular legume amongst Brazilian farmers and is the legume seed produced in greatest volume in Brazil Pizarro, In grazing caloplgonium, best results are achieved with rotational grazing at week intervals.


Assessment of the nutritive value of the seeds of some tropical legumes as feeds for ruminants. In Australia this species is considered a serious weed in sugarcane and groundnut plantations Cooks et al. Also naturalised on Christmas Island and in other tropical regions of the world e.

Long-term persistence is through recruitment of new plants from seedlings. Advances and perspectives for tropical zones.

Calopogonium mucunoides

Slightly woody vine, twining or creeping, much branched, attaining m in length. Grazing legume, green manure, pioneer legume and cover crop. Intake was slightly lower, but not significantly so, an indication that palatability of calopo was less of a problem in hardy animals like donkeys, well adapted to arid and semi-arid zones and able to benefit from a relatively good protein and nutrient mucuhoides such as calopo Asongwed-Awa et al.

Chemical composition of selected green plants available to small ruminants in the dry season in humid Nigeria. Leaves are trifoliate, with a left stalk of up to 16 cm long. Grows on a wide range of soil types, but prefers clay soils with pH 4.

Concentration of micro minerals in fiber fraction of forages. Retrieved from ” https: Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Evitayani ; Warly, L. However, in the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil, where pastures may naturally contain a significant amount of the legumegrazing cattle have been observed consuming plants without any problems. This species is able to grow in partially shaded areas but is not tolerant of heavy shade Cook et al.


It is recommended to graze it rotationally with rest periods of 8 to 12 weeks Chin Chen Peng et al. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Uses Top of page C.

Recognised as a valuable pioneer species, reducing erosion and improving soil fertility. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Mid-season plantings may reduce rice yields.

This page was last edited on 22 Julyat When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Click on images to enlarge Flowers, pods calopogoniun seeds. It is not tolerant of frequent severe defoliation but can be cut at intervals of months.

Calopo Calopogonium mucunoidesaerial part, fresh. Chen Chin Peng; Aminah, A.

Calopogonium mucunoides Calopo, Wild ground nut PFAF Plant Database

No toxicity has been reported Calopo is mainly used as cover crop, alone or in mixture with other legumes, especially in rubber, oil palm or in young forest plantations.

May act mucunoices an annual in seasonally dry environments. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Calopogonium mucunoides aclopogonium a low to moderate palatability though it is considered more palatable than Calopogonium caeruleum.