LABOREM EXERCENSE(On Human Work)RS HISTORICAL CONTEXTIn his first encyclical addressing social issues LaboremExercens (On Human Work) Pope John Paul II . Enciclica Laborem exercens. Main Author: Chiappetta, Luigi. Related Names: John Paul II Pope Language(s): Italian. Published: Napoli: Edizioni dehoniane, c Subjects. Sobre el trabajo humano (Laborem exercens) / Juan Pablo II ; autor, Equipo DEI “Texto completo de la enciclica ; un comentario desde América Latina.”.
|Country:||Turks & Caicos Islands|
|Published (Last):||23 August 2015|
|PDF File Size:||9.12 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||17.90 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Laborem exercens – Wikipedia
But in the light of the analysis of the fundamental reality of the whole economic process-first and foremost of the production structure that work is-it should be recognized that the error of early capitalism can be repeated wherever man is in a way treated on the same level as the whole complex of the material means of production, as an instrument and not in accordance with the true dignity of his work-that is to say, where he is not treated as subject and maker, and for this very reason as the true purpose of the whole process of production.
When dealing with human work in the fundamental dimension of its subject, that is to say, the human person doing the work, one must make at least a summary evaluation of developments during the ninety years since Rerum Novarum in relation to the subjective dimension of work. They embrace equally the past ages of civilization and economy, as also the whole of modern reality and future phases of development, which are perhaps already to some extent beginning to take shape, though for the most part they are still almost unknown to man and hidden from him.
On the contrary, it has always understood this right within the broader context of the right common to all to use the goods of the whole of creation: When we have to consider the moral rights, corresponding to this obligation, of every person with regard to work, we must always keep before our eyes the whole vast range of points of reference in which the labour of every working subject is manifested. Within the individual States there are ministries or public departments and also various social institutions set up for this purpose.
Relating herself to man, she seeks to express the eternal designs and transcendent destiny which the living God, the Creator and Redeemer, has linked with him. Through this conclusion one rightly comes to recognize the pre-eminence of the subjective meaning of work over the objective one.
A systematic opportunity for thinking and evaluating in this way, and in a certain sense a stimulus for doing so, is provided by the quickening process of the development of a onesidedly materialistic civilization, which gives prime importance to the objective dimension of work, while the subjective dimension-everything in direct or indirect relationship with the subject of work-remains on a secondary level. They will very probably involve a reduction or a less rapid increase in material well-being for the more developed countries.
And this ordering remains necessarily and indissolubly linked with the fact that man was created, as male and female, “in the image of God”. Hence, in every case, a just wage is the concrete means of verifying the justice of the whole encicclica system and, in any case, of checking that it is functioning justly.
Each country should have laws to protect the rights of immigrant workers, enciclicz that they receive equal treatment. The historical process briefly presented here has certainly gone beyond its initial phase, but it is still taking place and indeed is spreading in the relationships between nations and continents. Finally, we must say at least a few words on the subject of emigration in search of work.
This truth, which in a sense constitutes the fundamental and perennial heart of Christian teaching on human work, has had and continues to have primary significance for the formulation of the important social problems characterizing whole ages.
Toil is something that is encjclica known, for it is universally experienced. The opposite of a just and right situation in this field enciclcia unemployment, that is to say the lack of work for those who are capable of it.
In fact there is no doubt that human work has an ethical value of its own, which clearly and directly remain linked to the fact that the one who carries it out is a person, a conscious and free subject, that is to say a subject that decides about himself. In Laborem exercensJohn Paul set forth the following basic priorities as a framework for discussing issues of labor, capital, and property ownership:.
Influence in this direction should be exercised by all the International Organizations whose concern it is, beginning with the United Nations Organization. Even though it bears the mark of a bonum arduum, in the terminology of Saint Thomas 18this does not take away lablrem fact that, as such, it is a good thing for man.
In doing this we must always keep in mind the biblical calling to “subdue the earth” 14in which is expressed the will of the Creator that work should enable man to achieve that “dominion” in the visible world that is proper to him. And yet, in spite of all this toil—perhaps, in a sense, because of it—work is a good thing for man When man, who had been created “in the image of God In this connection workers should be assured the right to strike, without being subjected to personal penal sanctions for taking part in a strike.
This conflict, interpreted by some as a socioeconomic class conflict, found expression in the ideological conflict between liberalism, understood as the ideology of capitalism, and Marxism, understood as the ideology of scientiflc socialism and communism, which professes to act as the spokesman for the working class and the worldwide proletariat. Persons with disabilities have the same rights as laboremm workers: In the following part of these considerations I intend to return in greater detail to these important questions, recalling enciclcia least the basic elements of the Church’s teaching on the matter.
From this point of view the position of “rigid” capitalism continues to remain unacceptable, namely the position that defends the exclusive right to private ownership of the means of production as an untouchable “dogma” of economic life. Such remuneration can be given either through what is called a family wage- that is, a single salary given to the head of the family fot his work, sufficient for rnciclica needs of the family without the other spouse having to take up gainful employment outside the home-or through other social measures such as family allowances or grants to mothers devoting themselves exclusively to their families.
Opposition between labour and capital does not spring from the structure of the production process or from the structure of the economic process. This page was last edited on 24 Februaryat It is obvious that, when we speak of opposition between labour and capital, we are not dealing only with abstract concepts or “impersonal forces” operating in economic production.
The Church is firmly committed to this cause, for she considers it her mission, edercens service, a proof of her fidelity to Christ, so that she can truly be the “Church of the poor”. Nevertheless it encidlica obvious that materialism, including its dialectical form, is incapable of providing sufficient and definitive bases for thinking about human work, in order that the primacy of man over the encilcica instrument, the primacy of the person over things, may find in it adequate and irrefutable confirmation and support.
Rnciclica awareness is extinguished within him in a system of excessive bureaucratic centralization, which makes the worker feel that he is just a cog in a huge machine moved from lanorem, that he is laorem more reasons than one a mere production ,aborem rather than a true subject of work with an initiative of his own.
John Paul draws from this passage the conclusion that work is essential to human nature, and that “man is the subject of work.
Catalog Record: Sobre el trabajo humano (Laborem exercens) | Hathi Trust Digital Library
They must let themselves be guided by an exact diagnosis of the complex situations and of the influence exercised by natural, historical, civil and other such circumstances.
These include greater isolation; hard physical toil; inadequate wages, benefits, and training; and oppression of those who actually cultivate the soil by wealthy landowners.
The true advancement of women requires that labour should be structured in such a way that women do not have to pay for their advancement by abandoning what is specific to them and at the expense of the family, in which women as mothers have an irreplaceable role.