Dr Johns first developed the ESS for adults in and subsequently modified it slightly in He developed it so he could assess the ‘daytime sleepiness’ of. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) is a questionnaire widely used in German [5], Chinese [6], [7], Japanese [8], Turkish [9], Italian [10], and Greek [11]. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale: translation and validation study of the Iranian version. Italian version of the Epworth sleepiness scale: external validity. Neurol.

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Limitations of the ESS Because ESS item-scores are based on subjective reports, they can be influenced by the same sources of bias and inaccuracy as any other such reports. Strong evidence for the external criterion itlaiano of the ESS has come from investigations of the sensitivity and specificity of ESS scores for distinguishing narcoleptic patients from normal controls, who have very different ASPs by definition Parkes et al, ; Johns, b.

About the ESS-CHAD

Johns, ; Sargento et al, The ESS asks people to rate their usual chances of dozing off or falling asleep in 8 different situations or activities that most people engage in as part of their daily lives, although not necessarily every day. AU – Murri, L.


AU – Cirignotta, F. The ESS score the sum of 8 item scores, can range from 0 to The ESS is not suitable for use among people with serious cognitive impairment. AU – Zanotta, N.

Italian version of the Epworth sleepiness scale: AU – D’Alessandro, R. Questions included in the ESS The particular questions included in the ESS were chosen on a priori grounds to represent activities with a wide range of different somnificities. Use of the Epworth sleepiness scale in Chinese patients with obstructive sleep apnea and normal hospital employees.

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AU – Mostacci, B. External validity ‘ Neurological Sciencesvol. AU – Bruni, O.

Italian version of the Epworth sleepiness scale: external validity

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AU epwortu Pompei, F. A new method for measuring daytime sleepiness: Skip to search form Skip to main content.

The Epworth Sleepiness Scale: In general ESS scores can be interpreted as follows: The Ittaliano is not a diagnostic tool by itself. We might conclude that such relationships are of limited use for testing the validity of any method for measuring daytime sleepiness, whether subjective or objective.

About the ESS-CHAD – Epworth Sleepiness Scale

Several of the modified versions of the ESS have been shown to be internally consistent eg. Dr Johns first developed the ESS for adults in and subsequently modified it slightly in AU – Bergonzi, P.


The copyright prohibits any changes to the ESS, except under special circumstances and with written permission. He named the questionnaire after Epworth Hospital in Melbourne, where he established the Epworth Sleep Centre in Rethinking the assessment of sleepiness. AU – Cosentino, Ewporth. AU – Indice, A. Their use has indicated that the concept of daytime sleepiness, in the sense of ASP as measured by the ESS, is valid for children and adolescents as it is for adults. Plasmatic oxidative stress biomarkers in multiple sclerosis: Epworth sleepiness scale in obstructive sleep disordered breathing: ColeA Ambrogetti Journal of sleep research Almost all patients suffering from narcolepsy have severe or moderate EDS by these ESS criteria, as expected Parkes et al, ; Johns, ; van der Heide et al,