BILL DISCOUNTING. Objectives. After reading this unit, you will be able to: explain the meaning and scope of Factoring, Forfaiting and Bill Discounting. through book debt financing. In coming chapter we are going to get information on three types of book debt financing viz. Bill Discounting, Factoring &. Forfeiting. Forfaiting (note the spelling) is the purchase of an exporter’s receivables – the amount that the importer owes the exporter – at a discount by paying cash.

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Please see what our customers have to say about us through the independent review service, Feefo. A non-recourse factor assumes the ” credit risk ” that an account will not collect due solely to the financial inability of account debtor to pay. Which is right for you?

Comments It is a nice way of presentation and making subject matter easy to understand and writing in examinations. An Evidence from the Egyptian Market”. As indicated, the business must balance the opportunity cost of losing a return on the cash that it could otherwise invest, against the costs associated with the use of factoring.

Although shorter contract periods are now becoming more common, contracts and monthly minimums are typical with “whole ledger” factoring, which entails factoring all of a company’s invoices or all of the company’s invoices from a particular debtor.

Retrieved June 27, The bill discounting is always recourse, i. If your business is relatively small and your human resources limited, the credit control and collection service that comes with Factoring is likely to suit you better. Buyers bank than get that signed bill of exchange from the buyer as guarantee and release payment to the sellers bank and waits for the time span will buyer will pay the bank against that bill of exchange.

The emergence of these modern forms has not been without controversy. In regards to Invoice Discounting, you attain the advantage of managing your own credit control and debt collection. Having purchased the receivables the factor finances, money to them after deducting the following:.

Difference Between Bill Discounting and Factoring (with Comparison Chart) – Key Differences

However, the construction industry has features that are risky for factoring companies. In factoring, the debts are assigned which is not done in bill discounting.

Amount of funding can vary depending on the specific accounts receivables, debtor and industry that factoring occurs in. That way, the buyer secures the financing of the invoice, and the supplier gets a better interest rate. Seller discounts that bill of exchange with the bank and gets money. Because of this, businesses find it necessary to both maintain a cash balance on hand, and to use such methods as factoring, in order to enable them to cover their short term cash needs in those periods in which these needs exceed the cash flow.


The Negotiable Instrument Act, contains the rules relating to bills discounting. Basis for Comparison Bill Discounting Factoring Meaning Trading the bill before it becomes due for payment at a price less than its face value is known as Bill Discounting.

In the latter half of the twentieth century the introduction of computers eased the accounting burdens of factors and then small firms. It allows opening an account in markets with relatively high credit risk. Factoring companies that cater to this niche offer services to help accommodate drivers on the road, including the ability to verify invoices and fund on copies sent via scan, fax or email, and the option to place the funds directly onto a fuel card, which works like a debit card.

Factoring is like a credit card where the bank factor is buying the debt of the customer without recourse to the seller; if the buyer doesn’t pay the amount to the seller the bank cannot claim the money from the seller or the merchant, just as the bank in this case can only claim the money from the debt issuer. Cash flow variability is directly related to two factors:. Although today even they are outsourcing such back-office functions.

Retrieved 20 June Corporate finance Fundamental analysis Accounting terminology Working capital didcounting Accounts receivable. Factoring is a financial transaction and a type of debtor finance in which a business sells its accounts receivable i. Certain companies factor accounts when the available cash balance held by the firm is insufficient to meet current obligations and accommodate its other cash needs, such as new orders or contracts; in other industries, however, such as textiles or apparel, for example, financially sound companies factor their accounts simply because this is the historic method of faxtoring.

This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat The latter however evolved by extension to non-trade related financing such as sovereign debt. In this situation, the business must balance the cost of obtaining cash proceeds from a factor against the opportunity cost of the losing the Rate of Return it earns on investment within factorijg business. Today factoring’s rationale still includes the financial task of advancing funds to smaller rapidly growing firms who sell to larger more credit-worthy organizations.


In bill discounting the financier gets the discounting charges for financial services, but in the case of factoring the factor gets interest and commission.

The Difference Between Factoring and Invoice Discounting

Again discount account receivables which the client would have otherwise received from the buyer at the end of the credit period. Once the work has been performed, however, it is a matter of indifference who is paid. The essential difference between Factoring and Invoice Discounting lies in who takes control of the sales ledger and responsibility for billl payment:.

Bills discounting facility implies provision of finance and only that, but a factor also provides other services like sales ledger maintenance and advisory services. Factoring is often used by haulage companies to cover upfront expenses, such as fuel.

So, there exist a fine line of differences between bill discounting and factoring, which are explained discoynting the article provided below.

This enables them to serve a broader range of small businesses with significantly lower revenue requirements without the need for monthly minimums and long-term contracts. Touch Financial rated 4.

Factoring (finance) – Wikipedia

In contrast, companies that do accounts receivable financing may charge per week or per month. In bill factorimg, bills are traded while in the case of factoring accounts receivable are sold. The web has also made it possible for factors and their clients to collaborate in real time on collections. Views Read Edit View history. Letter of credit is an instrument issued in the favor of the seller by the buyer bank assuring that payment will be made after certain timer frame depending upon the terms and conditions agreed, it could be either sight, 30 days from the Bill of Lading or days from the date of bill of lading.

Factoring as a fact of business life was underway in England prior toand it came to America with the Pilgrims, around Because of the risks and exposure from mechanics’ liensdanger of “paid-when-paid” terms, existence of progress billing, use of withholding, and exposure to economic cycles most “generalist” factoring companies avoid construction receivables entirely.

The Notice of Assignment serves to. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. The bank provides foffaiting following services to the client: