One of such is the Gadaa system of the Oromo People. . Hallpike, C. R., “ Review: The Origins of the Borana Gada System,” Reviewed. Oromo elites, Abba Gadaa (father of Gadaa), historians most often say that it is The Gada system is largely practised by the Oromo people. Was it a system used through out Oromia or was it prevalent in one region of Oromia The Gada system spread with the migration and intermingle of the Oromo.

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The Committee furthermore reviewed seven programmes proposed for inclusion on the Register of Best Safeguarding Practices.

UNPO: Oromo: UNESCO Recognizes Indigenous System of Self-Government as World Heritage

A brief summary description of the Gada system The Oromo are known for their remarkable indigenous democratic socio-political system known as the Gada which they have kept working for the last syztem centuries. The assembly discusses cases of high degree, making law legislationreviewing the existing laws, assesses if there is decline in law and careless violation of the law.

When one passes from one grade to the other, his roles and responsibilities in the community also changes, in such a way, an individual or group of individuals whom are assuming the office will be critically tested in the system. Gada is organized into five classes with one of these functioning as the ruling class consisting of a chairperson, officials and an assembly. As such, he plays an indispensable role in power transfer occasions and legitimizing the ruling Gada Gadda. It takes place during the fourth oro,o of the eight years of the Gada period following the investiture of Gada leaders.?


Accessed in July, They are also fair in recruitment. Oromo society was structured in accordance with this Gada system. Inscribed in The Oromo had a powerful cavalry that stood at the head of their military campaign. Gada system, an indigenous democratic orojo political system of the Oromo.

Still among various Oromo groups Qaalluu is believed orkmo be the eldest son of Oromo and therefore given the title of father. The Zulu and the Fulani though they had military strength they had no horses and cavalry forces.

Knowledge about the Gada system is transmitted to children in the home and at school.

Ethiopia: Key Background Information On Gadaa System

However there is penalty for his absence. Syatem citizen has the right to speak and be heard in the Assembly of multitudes.

What social functions and cultural meanings does the Gada system have today for its community? Discussions Start a new discussion about this method.

The classes are taught by oral historians covering history, laws, rituals, time reckoning, cosmology, myths, rules of conduct, and the function of the Gada system.

They also say investigating Oromo society without considering the Gadaa System is merely like a man walking without a skeleton. Though the Gadaa system itself is no longer widely practiced, it remains influential in Oromo society at large. Comparable in its magnitude to the powerful Zulu nation of South Africa and the Fulani of West Africa the Oromo were superior in military establishment.


The main duty of this class is military service. For instance, Ethiopia had a constitution since and has never become a democratic state in practice.

Name of the element: And ordered the man to teach peoples of Walaabuu. Oditu, Karrayu, Qaalluu of Borena clan as well as great Qaalluu of Gujii clan were said to be originally descendants from heaven.

It was purely invented by the Oromo and it is one of the most sjstem political systems which was highly democratic with effective legislative and judicial institutions. Geographical location and range of the Gada system Major Oromo clans have established the centres of their Gada at several places based on their territorial settlement.

In the Gadaa System both Kallachaa sysetm Caaccuu are the ritual materials used for demonstration of the Oromo society at large. Historically, it has been seen as a better method of governing than other forms in the region. One generation oroml Oromo covers 40 years of the life cycle. Gada assemblies, power transfer ceremonies and transition rites took place at these cultural spaces under Oda sycamore tree which is regarded as the symbol of the Gada System.