The Book Stylistics by Galperin. Uploaded by Alexei Galaktionov. Copyright: Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC). Download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online. English Stylistics has 38 ratings and 2 reviews. The textbook discusses the general problem of style, gives a stylistic classification of English vocabul. About I.R. Galperin: Ilya Romanovich Galperin ( – ) was a notable linguist, professor of the Moscow State Linguistic University.. I.R. Galperin.

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Literary language is a historical category. The non-literary language manifests itself in all aspects of the language: However, it must be repeated that some deviations, if they are motivated, may occur here and there in the text.

The speech of an. There is compelling evidence in favour of the theory which demands that the two notions should be regarded in their unity, allowing, however, that each of them be subjected to isolated observation. The difficulty that one faces when attempting to specify the characteristic features of the non-literary variety lies mainly in the fact that it does not present any system. Stankievicz sees a kind of code-switching when SDs are employed.

Galperin I. A. Stylistics

Interaction of Logical and Emotive Meanings. In this part of the book where general ideas are presented in an introductory aspect only, there is no need to go deeper into the issue of what constitutes the notion expressive means of the phonetic system. Even within what is called the belles-lettres style of language see p.

The generative grammars, which appeared as a reaction against descriptive linguistics, have confirmed that the task of any grammar is to limit the scope of investigation of. Moreover, let us repeat once more that through constant repetitions such deviations may become legitimate variants of the norm and establish themselves as members of the language system.

Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. It matters not what causes these customs and fashions owe their birth to.

Scherba are worth quoting:.

Interaction of Primary and Derivative Logical Galperon Davy is of interest: As illustrations we have chosen words which have found a permanent place in the English stock of words. Newspaper Style written by V. The conception of galperni as applied ornament The free use of words, in spite of the restrictions imposed on this freedom by certain ardent adherents of the “purity” of the language, resulted in the appearance of new meanings of words.


What we here call individual style, therefore, is a unique combination of language units, expressive means and stylistic devices peculiar to a given writer, which makes that writer’s works or even utterances easily recognizable. The stream of information grows larger every month.

English Stylistics by I.R. Galperin

The development of any literary language shows that the variants will always centre around the axis of the invariant forms. These are in fact not omissions, but the regular absence of parts unnecessary in lively conversation when there are two or more people speaking. There is a certain amount of emotional charge in it and this, as is generally the case, obscures to some extent the precision which a definition must have. Most SDs display an application of two meanings: Visetelly, the Bible contains 97 per cent of Anglo-Saxon words, more than any other English book.

Ford “He put my goddam paper down At the same time, a free handling of the norms may be regarded as a permissible application of the flexibility of the norm.

At the very moment it is established, it begins to fluctuate. It deals mainly with two interdependent tasks: Thus De Quincey in his essay on rhetoric declares: A man’s breeding galperi education will always affect his turn of mind and therefore will naturally be revealed in his speech and writing. To a very considerable degree this is true. It is important here to call attention to the process of formation of scientific notions.

Here are some examples: At the same time the linguist will gxlperin able to discern those stylixtics of language means which hitherto were latent or, at the most, used only occasionally. But still all these various definitions leave impression that by and large they all have something in common. All these ideas directly or indirectly bear on issues in stylistics. A functional style is thus to be regarded as the product of a certain concrete task set by the sender of the message.


These represent varieties of the abstract invariant. Therefore one can see every imaginable creature here—pigeons, jays, woodpeckers, rabbits, foxes, hares and pheasants.

Spenser, on the one hand, Shakespeare, on the other. The inventory of special language media can be analysed and their ontological features revealed if presented in a system in which the co-relation between the media becomes evident.

Gvozdev states that “Stylistics has a practical value, teaching students to master the language, working out a conscious approach to language” 2 and Lucas declares that the aims of a course in style are: Middleton Murry who said that ‘A true style must be unique, if we understand by the phrase ‘a 4true style’ a completely adequate expression in language of a writer’s mode galperiin feeling.

Likewise it is perfectly apparent that the norms of emotive prose and those of official language are heterogeneous. When Buffon coined his sfylistics saying which, due to its epigrammatical form, became a by-word all over the world, he had in mind the idiolect, i. All of them4 point galperinn some integral significance, namely, that style is a set of characteristics by which we distinguish one author from another or members of one subclass from members of other subclasses, all of which are members-of the same general class.

This is indispensable; for nowadays no science is entirely isolated from other domains of human knowledge; and linguistics, particularly its branch stylistics, cannot avoid references to the above mentioned disciplines because it is confronted with certain overlapping issues.

The writers of a given period in the development of the literary language contribute greatly to establishing the system of norms of their period. That is why almost all contemporary books on grammar and general linguistics avoid problems of style or, at most, touch upon them in passing. Compositional Patterns of Syntactical Arrangement……….